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Unformatted text preview: y. Gender-Identityi. i. ii. ii. Causes are also unknown. Seems to be biological. Treatments can include therapy or maybe even sexual surgery to change the sex. Causes and Treatments Personality Disorders
Origins and basis may be: A biological predisposition . Contributed to adverse psychological experiences. Unhealthy or unconventional social environments. Omnipresent treatments for these forms of disorders - medications and therapy. Causes and Treatments Schizophrenic Disorders
The causes?...Research continues Biological predisposition may be inherited Family relationships lower-class socioeconomic environments Treatments Medications Therapy Hospitalization American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association Gabbard, G.O., Beck, J.S., Holmes, J. (2005). Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy (1st ed.) New York: Oxford University Press Morris, C.G., Maisto, A.A. (2002). Psychology: An Introduction (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall....
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- Spring '09