Exam 3 Study Guide - Protestors before Luther John Wycliffe...

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Protestors before LutherJohn Wycliffe- lashed out at the Church's wealth and Transubstantiation was unscripturalJohn Hus- took up beliefs of Wycliffe except Transubstantiation attacked the morality of clergyMartin Luther95 Theses view of Purgatory- questioned Pope's authority over Purgatoryview of Indulgences- complacency with repentance, sincere repentanceJohann Tetzel- “when a coin in the coffer clings, a soul from purgatory springs” October 31, 1517 (All Hallows Eve)- 95 Theses posted on door of church in Whittenburg Wittenburg, Germany- where Luther residedJustification by faith – Romans 1:17-begins to see things he never saw beforeStory of the sick man and physician go to physician to get medicine to get better but although not healed completely you feel betterSaint, still a sinner- still a sinner, but in God's eyes perfectLeipsic Debate (Eck, Hus)- Big debate between Luther- Johann Eck and Andreas Karlstadt- council of Constance erred- now denied infallibility of papacy and councilsDiet of Worms, 1521- “My conscience is captive to the Word of God” excommunicatedsola scriptura- only scripture, not traditionsola gracia- only grace only God's grace can savesola fides- only faith only accept God's grace through faithAppeal to the German Nobility3 Roman walls and their significance (identify and define)1.preisthood of believers- priests no different than common folk2.clergy(pope) not sole interpreter of bible3.Pope not the only one who can call councilBabylonian Captivitysacraments- church holds sacraments captiveview of baptism- baptism is a work of God not a work of humans, infant baptism goodview of transubstantiation- actually drinking blood of Christ and eating his body, consubstantiation- Jesus is with, in, above, around- don't try to explaintranslation of Bible- translated new testament to German- scripture displays ChristAlliance of church/state – the Christian magistrateAnabaptistsRelation to Ulrich Zwingli- Anabaptist arise from his reform Swiss Brethren (Zurich)-

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