Test_1_VersionA_Answer_Key

Test_1_VersionA_Answer_Key - Version A-1Linguistics 100...

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Version A  - 1 - Linguistics 100 Test 1 Do not forget to note your section and test version on the scan- sheet Choose the best answer for the following multiple-choice questions. 1) Syntax is a. the way in which words are ordered, grouped, and moved in a sentence. b. the way in which sounds interact to form words. c. the way in which meaning-bearing units are organized into words. d. the innate knowledge of a speaker as to what is phonologically possible in their language. e. none of the above. 2) When linguists describe a language such as English, what sort of data should they rely on? a) statements by language ‘mavens’ and other authorities. b) what seem to be the most logical ways to use language. c) data collected from native speakers of the language. d) data from earlier English, which was less corrupted by foreign languages. e) none of the above. 3) Morphology is the study of a) how words are pronounced. b) the structure and formation of words. c) the way in which words are ordered and moved in a sentence. d) the way in which phrases are generated by phrase structure rules. e) none of the above. 4) A morpheme is defined as a) an intravenous opiate. b) the smallest unit of sound in human speech. c) a word. d) the smallest unit of meaning. e) none of the above. 5) Affixation is the process of a) creating words out of phonemes. b) structuring phrases. c) attaching phrases together via words like ‘and’. d) borrowing words from a foreign language. e) none of the above. Version A
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- 2 - 6) The –s in ‘cats’ is an example of a a) inflectional morpheme. b) derivational morpheme. c) Prefix. d) Infix. e) none of the above. 7) Phonetics is the study of a) the sound inventory of a language. b) the way that language changes over time. c) the way that minimal units of meaning are combined to form words. d) the ways that sounds change in particular environments. e) none of the above. 8) Phonology is the study of a) the sound inventory of a language. b) the way that language changes over time. c) the ways that sounds pattern in a language, and change in certain environments. d) the ways that dialects differ from one another in their grammar, structure, or pragmatics. e) none of the above. 9) Semantics is the study of a) word formation. b) sentence formation. c) Argumentation. d) Meaning. e) none of the above. 10)The sentence “I yesterday to the store walked” is incorrect for reasons that are related to a) Morphology. b) Syntax. c) Phonology. d) Semantics. e) none of the above. 11)Ambiguity occurs when a sentence a) is hard to understand. b) has bad grammar. c) has more than one possible meaning. d) is semantically self-contradictory. e)
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Test_1_VersionA_Answer_Key - Version A-1Linguistics 100...

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