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2 Origins of the World

2 Origins of the World - Origins of the World/Zeus and His...

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Origins of the World/Zeus and His Rise to Power Hesiod’s Theogony; Powell pp. 78-100 “Generation of the Gods in the Theogony r Cosmogony: a story that explains the “origin of the world” r For Hesiod, theogony (a story that explains the “origin of the gods” and their rise to power) was the same r To explain Zeus’s supremacy, Hesiod must go back to the generations of Chaos , “chasm,” Gaea , “earth,” and Uranus , “sky.” r The children of Chaos After Chaos came Gaea (Mother Earth) Then Eros, “sexual love” Chaos had qualities: Erebus-darkness, and Nyx-night r Moerae: “fates,” and Nemesis, “retribution,” r Erebus and Nyx mate to produce Aether, “radiance,” and Hemera, “day.” r The Children of Gaea: The Titans and Their Cousins The 12 Titans : Pontus (sea), Oceanus * (river), Coeus (only divine), Crius (only divine), Hyperion * , Iapetus , Theia and Rhea * , Themis (law-fixed and settle earth), Mnemosyne (memory), Phoebe (brilliant-light of the sky), fair-featured Tethys * , and Cronus *
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