3 Succession Crisis and Myths of the Near East

3 Succession Crisis and Myths of the Near East - Succession...

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Succession Crisis and Myths of the Near East “Mesopotamian Cosmology”; Primal Myths Powell pp. 101-111 The Babylonian Enuma elish Poem- “When on high” recited in honor of the god of the city, Marduk Begins with male Apsu/freshwater, and female Tiamat /saltwater mingled together Lahmu and Lahamu- “mud” also appeared out of Chaos (like Gaea) Anu/sky, Ea/flowing water Apsu and Tiamat created 4 generations of gods: o Eros o Gaea o Tartarus o Chaos Their clamor was so loud that Apsu went to Tiamat to complain, but Ea put him into sleep and killed him Marduk: god of Babylon (son of Ea) o Mighty from the birth Then it was so windy and the waters were stirring, that Tiamat plotted with an army of monsters to destroy them Tiamat married Kingu “her only lover” and armed him with the Tablet of Destiny, which gave power over the universe Ea was scared and he ran to the god Anshar, who told him to fight Tiamat The gods in this moment of crisis sank into despair They sent Marduk to fight Tiamat But when he saw Tiamat, he too lost his nerve and had to endure her taunts
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3 Succession Crisis and Myths of the Near East - Succession...

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