2nd midterm review

2nd midterm review - For each STD know: 1. Causes (virus,...

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For each STD know: 1. Causes (virus, bacteria, etc) 2. Symptoms(present, future, etc) 3. Routes of transmission (PV sex, oral/anal, touching the handrail on the  escalator… etc) 4. Who is most susceptible (males, females…) 5. Complications (when left untreated, such as PID, infertility, cancer, etc) 6. Other info (life cycle, prevention, how gross it is…) *know general statistics Bacterial Infections 1) Chlamydia     A) Bacteria B) Symptoms (i) Females: (1) Abdominal pain (2) Disrupted menstruation (3) May cause infertility (4) Nausea and vomiting (5) May be asymptomatic (ii) Males: (1) Epididymitis (2) Discharge (3) Burning during urination (4) Swelling of testicles C) STD (PV, PA, OG) D) Women most susceptible E) Complications: (i) Trachoma (leading cause of preventable blindness passed from  mother to child during childbirth) (ii) PID and/or pregnancy problems (e.g. ectopic pregnancy) 2) Gonorrhea (“The Clap”)     A) Bacteria B) Symptoms: see pg. 417 C) STD (Oral-Anal, Oral-Genital, Penile-Vaginal, Genital-Anal,) OR (OA,  OG, PV, GA)
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D) Complications: (i) Women: (1) PID Sterility (2) Painful coitus (3) Newborns may develop eye infections through birth canal (ii) Men: (1) Inflammation of testicles/scrotum (2) Infections of structures (prostate, etc) (3) General discomfort 3) Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) A) Bacteria B) Inflammation of urethral tube (p. 419) C) Coitus D) Symptoms: (i) Females: (1)Often asymptomatic (2)Itching, burning during urination, mild discharge of pus (ii) Males: (1)Similar to gonorrhea (2) Discharge, mild burning during urination E) Men most susceptible F) Complications (i) Females: (1)Cervical inflammation (2)PID (ii) Males: (1)Spread to prostate and or epididymis 4) Syphilis A) Bacteria B) Four Stages of Symptoms: (i) Primary Stage (1)Painless sore: chancre (2)Chancre disappears; no symptoms (3)Lasts 2 weeks- 6 months (ii) Secondary Stage (1)Skin rash (hands and feet)
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(2) Flu like symptoms (3) Lasts a few weeks (iii) Latent Stage     (1) No symptoms (but organisms multiply) (2) After 1 year, not contagious (3) Can last years (iv) Tertiary Stage     (1) Severe problems (3-40 years after infection) (2) Heart failure, blindness, insanity, paralysis, DEATH!!! C) Routes of Transmission: All combinations, OR mother to fetus.
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2nd midterm review - For each STD know: 1. Causes (virus,...

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