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Unformatted text preview: Music 11/6/07 Classical Era Timeline 1786: Mozarts The Marriage of Figaro 1787: Mozarts Eine Kleine Nacht Musik 1792: Haydns Symphony no. 94, surprise 1801: Beethovens Piano Sonata Moonlight 1808: Beethovens Symphony no.5 Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827) Bon in Bonn, Germany Transitional figure; bridges Classical and Romantic Freelance composer Fiercely independent and slightly anti-social Some of his most important works include: o 9 symphonies o 32 piano sonatas o 5 piano concertos o 1 opera Beethovens Three Periods Early Period (1770-1802) o Following the footsteps of Haydn and Mozart Middle Heroic Period (1803-1814) o Bolder, more personal style o Heiligenstadt Testament (1802) o Theme of heroic struggle against adversity o Longer, weightier works Late Period (1815-1827) o More experimental music, unusual for the time o More introspective and personal o Heiligenstadt Testament (October 6, 1802): Beethoven wrote a letter that was discovered after he died. It was addressed to his brothers telling them that he was going deaf. Beethovens 9 Symphonies Symphony no. 1 (1800) Early Period Symphony no. 2 (1803) Early Period Symphony no. 3, Eroica (1805) Middle Period Symphony no. 4 (1807) Middle Period Symphony no. 5 (1808) Middle Period Symphony no. 6, Pastoral (1808) Middle Period Symphony no. 7 (1813) Middle Period Symphony no. 8 (1814) Middle Period Symphony no. 9, Choral (1824) Late Period Beethoven: Symphony no. 5 in C minor, op. 67 First performed in Vienna, 1808 Four Movements: 1. Allegro con brio (sonata-allegro form) 2. Andante con moto (theme and variations) 3. Allegro (scherzo and trio) 4. Allegro (sonata-allegro form) Length: about 30 minutes Cyclical form : All of the movements are organically linked by common musical elements The importance of the key: C minor Beethovens Musical Organicism The symphony has been labeled organic because the entire work is intricately crafted around the famous opening motive (used both rhythmically and melodically) Whats a motive ? A short melodic or rhythmic idea that is used as a basic unit of melodic construction Beethoven: Symphony no. 5 Movement I: Allegro con brio Starts with the famous motive Form: sonata-allegro (with some Beethoven touches) The opening motive is used in all of the thematic material (though sometimes a bit hidden) More intense development than in Mozarts Eine Kleine Nacht Musik Bonus oboe solo! Movement II: Andante con moto Form: theme and variations with 2 different themes The short-short-short-long rhythm can be found hidden in some parts Movement III: Scherzo and Trio (Allegro) Form: Scherzo and Trio (modified ternary ABA) Surprisingly dark and intense scherzo Trio section provides some comic relief: Beethoven pokes fun at the string...
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