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All notes for final

All notes for final - Music Classical Era Timeline 1786...

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Music 11/6/07 Classical Era Timeline 1786: Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro 1787: Mozart’s Eine Kleine Nacht Musik 1792: Haydn’s Symphony no. 94, “surprise” 1801: Beethoven’s Piano Sonata “Moonlight” 1808: Beethoven’s Symphony no.5 Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827) Bon in Bonn, Germany Transitional figure; bridges Classical and Romantic “Freelance” composer Fiercely independent and slightly anti-social Some of his most important works include: o 9 symphonies o 32 piano sonatas o 5 piano concertos o 1 opera Beethoven’s Three Periods Early Period (1770-1802) o Following the footsteps of Haydn and Mozart Middle “Heroic” Period (1803-1814) o Bolder, more personal style o Heiligenstadt Testament (1802) o Theme of heroic struggle against adversity o Longer, weightier works Late Period (1815-1827) o More experimental music, unusual for the time o More introspective and personal o Heiligenstadt Testament (October 6, 1802): Beethoven wrote a letter that was discovered after he died. It was addressed to his brothers telling them that he was going deaf. Beethoven’s 9 Symphonies Symphony no. 1 (1800) – Early Period Symphony no. 2 (1803) – Early Period Symphony no. 3, “Eroica” (1805) – Middle Period Symphony no. 4 (1807) – Middle Period Symphony no. 5 (1808) – Middle Period Symphony no. 6, “Pastoral” (1808) – Middle Period Symphony no. 7 (1813) – Middle Period Symphony no. 8 (1814) – Middle Period Symphony no. 9, “Choral” (1824) – Late Period
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Beethoven: Symphony no. 5 in C minor, op. 67 First performed in Vienna, 1808 Four Movements: 1. Allegro con brio (sonata-allegro form) 2. Andante con moto (theme and variations) 3. Allegro (scherzo and trio) 4. Allegro (sonata-allegro form) Length: about 30 minutes Cyclical form : All of the movements are “organically” linked by common musical elements The importance of the key: C minor Beethoven’s Musical “Organicism” The symphony has been labeled “organic” because the entire work is intricately crafted around the famous opening motive (used both rhythmically and melodically) What’s a motive ? A short melodic or rhythmic idea that is used as a basic unit of melodic construction Beethoven: Symphony no. 5 Movement I: Allegro con brio Starts with the famous motive Form: sonata-allegro (with some Beethoven touches) The opening motive is used in all of the thematic material (though sometimes a bit hidden) More intense development than in Mozart’s Eine Kleine Nacht Musik Bonus oboe solo! Movement II: Andante con moto Form: theme and variations with 2 different themes The short-short-short-long rhythm can be found “hidden” in some parts Movement III: Scherzo and Trio (Allegro) Form: Scherzo and Trio (modified ternary ABA’) Surprisingly dark and intense scherzo Trio section provides some comic relief: Beethoven pokes fun at the string basses Return of scherzo is slightly different, even more ominous Goes straight into Movement IV – no stopping!
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All notes for final - Music Classical Era Timeline 1786...

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