Unit 2 Music Appreciation Notes.pdf - Unit 2 Music...

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Unit 2 Music Appreciation NotesChapter 7Tempo is the rate of speed, or pace, of the musicAllegro (fast), moderato (moderate), adagio (quite slow), accelerando (speeding up), andritardando (slowing down)Dynamics describe the volume, or how loud or soft the music is playedItalian terms for dynamics include forte (loud) and piano (soft)Composers indicate tempo and dynamics as a means of expressionCommon tempo markings:Grave: solemn (very, veryslow)Largo: broad (very slow)Adagio: quite slowAndante: a walking paceModerato: moderateAllegro: fastVivace: livelyPresto: very fastModifiersMolto- veryMeno- lessPoco- a littleNon troppo- not too muchChange of TempoAccelerando- getting fastRitardando- holding back, getting slowerTempo- in time or returning to original paceDynamicsPianissimo (pp)- very softPiano (p)- softMezzo piano (mp)-moderately softMezzo forte (mf)- moderatelyloudForte (f)- loudFortissimo (ff)- very loudCrescendo- growing louderDecrescendo- growing softerChapter 8Greek word for music implied a union of melody, language, and movementNonlexical- nonsensical (na na na)Scat singing- vocal improvisation using wordless vocables (shoo-be-doo-be-doo-wop)Vocalise- wordless melody (singing on neutral vowel like “ah”Vernacular- the language of the peopleSecular- nonreligiousSacred- religious music, Latin is language of the Roman Catholic ChurchEach syllable of a song text may get one note (syllabic setting) (happy birthday)One syllable may get a few notes (neumatic setting)One syllable may get many notes (melismatic setting) (hallelujah ending)Composers use word-painting to emphasize the text, perhaps with a drawn-out wordover many notes (melisma) or with a melody that pictorializes a wordMost common type of musical setting, in both popular and art music, is strophic form, inwhich the same music is repeated for each stanza
Refrain or chorus are words and music that recur after each stanzaSung dramas, the text may be free (unrhymed, metrical)Arias are song-like passages and are very lyricalChapter 9Timbre or tone color accounts for the striking differences in the sound quality of musicalinstruments, mechanisms that generate vibrations and launch them into the airIt’s what makes trumpets and guitars sound differenceIt’s influenced by size, shape, proportions of instrument, material which it is made from,and manner by which the vibration is producedRegister- specific area in the range of an instrument or voice, such as low, middle, orhigh

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Term
Fall
Professor
Peter Knapp
Tags
Musical instrument, Clarinet, Saxophone, Brass instrument, Woodwind instrument

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