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Survey of American Literature IIEssay Two: The Literature of ModernismEssay Guidelines and Reminders§ Overview:This essay will prove a central point about one reading on the syllabus as listedbelow and demonstrate a close reading of the text using literary analysis. Consider this paper asan opportunity to work closely with one text and to expand your skills in literary analysis andargumentation. As you advance an argument about the reading, remember to balance your essaybetween overview, paraphrase, direct quotes to provide evidence, and analysis. This essay is nota summary. Instead, this paper proves a central point about the reading and demonstrates literaryanalysis. The essay will be directly related to the topic provided and will subsequently be relatedto our class discussion of the text. No outside sources are needed or included in this essay. Toencourage a range of writing experiences on a variety of genres, only oneessay for this class may focus on poetry. You are welcome and encouraged to discuss roughdrafts during office hours for consultation and assistance on any stage of the writing process.§Introduction and Thesis Statement:Begin with general remarks related to the topic; includethe author’s first and last name and the title of the text that you are writing about; place the titleof the text in quotes or italics as needed. Establish a thesis at the end of the first paragraph thatpresents the argument that will be proven throughout your paper and that is directly related to thetopic on the topics’ handout.§ Paragraph Structure:Begin each supporting paragraph with a topic sentence that presents aspecific aspect of your thesis. Show how one idea leads to the next. Check for logicalprogression of ideas. Conclude each supporting paragraph with a point connected to the topicsentence for overall unity of each supporting paragraph.Textual Evidence: To support your thesis and main argument, provide direct quotes from theprimary source text as evidence. There should be approximately two quotes in each supportingparagraph. Quotes are not included in the introduction or conclusion of the essay, as the quotesare serving as evidence. To allow for literary analysis and to show how the quote serves asevidence, provide complete sentences for prose and complete lines of poetry, rather than a seriesof phrases or words.§Citing Quotations:Introduce a quote with a signal phrase that identifies the speaker andprovides a transition from your ideas to the quote as evidence. Cite the page number inparenthesis following the quote, for example:As Sylvia continues her climb up the tall pine tree, the narrator notes: “And the tree stood stilland frowned away the winds that June morning while the dawn grew bright in the east” (439).Through personification, the tree appears to be sympathetic to Sylvia’s quest as it remainedstationary and “frowned away the winds.” When citing poetry, use line numbers rather than page

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