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Unformatted text preview: • Strophic : multiple stanzas sung over the same melody • Chanson : ;secular, polyphonic, typically poetic about love • Madrigal : Secular, polyphonic, started in Italy, relatively short, propelled by music printing • Tempo Markings : o Presto very fast o Allegro fast o Andante walking speed o Moderato moderate o Adagio slow o Largo very slow o Grave super slow • Tempo Modifiers : o Accelerando o Ritardando • Dynamics: element of musical expression relating to the degree of loudness or softness of a sound • Dynamic Markings : o Pianissimo (pp) very soft o Piano (p) soft o Mezzo piano (mp) moderately soft o Mezzo forte (mf) moderately loud o Forte (f) loud o Fortissimo (ff) very loud • Dynamic Modifiers : o Crescendo < o Decrescendo/Diminuendo > • Timbre: The characteristic tone color that distinguishes one voice or instrument from another •...
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- Fall '07
- Music, woman troubadour Trouvere, France Troubadour song