notes 11-27

notes 11-27 - Music 19th century opera chart Wagner German...

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Music 11/27/07 19 th century opera chart Wagner Verdi German Italian Norse mythology; Germanic legend Novels and Plays (new and old) Complex melodies; Leitmotifs More accessible and catchy melodies Epic drama More human scale Continuous: no separate movements Movements, but often with transitions Early 20 th Century timeline 1894: Debussy Afternoon of a Faun o 1912: ballet version 1912: Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire 1913: Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring 1918: Puccini: Gianni Schicchi A Short History of Harmony 1600s: Tonality established 1700s: System becomes standardized o Major and minor keys o More flexibility 1800s: Harmonic boundaries are pushed o More “colorful” harmonies o Composers like Wagner use more dissonance Three Options after 1900 1. Continuation of Tonality 2. Addition of new harmonic elements Folk or ethnic music, sometimes jazz 3. Complete rejection of tonality: atonality Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) Italian Leading opera composer at the turn of the 20
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MUS 15 taught by Professor Johnson during the Fall '07 term at UCSB.

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notes 11-27 - Music 19th century opera chart Wagner German...

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