Assignment 3 Chapter 11 - Responding at the Right Time and Place: Stimulus Discrimination and Stimulus Generalization:4. What is good stimulus control? Describe an example that is not in this chapter.Good or effective stimulus control refers to a strong correlation between the occurrence of a particular stimulus and a particular response that is when the stimulus occurs, the response is likely to follow.Example:The ringing of doorbell exerted good stimulus control over Ketty's behavior of opening the door because when stimulus of doorbell ringing occurs the response of opening the door likely to follow. Red stop sign at traffic signal is consider as the good stimulus control for theperson's behavior of stopping car at signal because when stimulus of red stopsign occurs the response of stopping car at signal likely to follow. 5. Define SDand give an example that is not in this chapter. Identify both the SD and the response in the example.A discriminative stimulus or SDis a stimulus in the presence of which an operant response will be reinforced. A discriminative stimulus is a cue that a particular response will pay off. Example: When Ketty cracks joke about her professor during lecture his joke cracking is reinforced by his friends with laughter, giving high five to each other and attention. SD (other students/ friends of kitty) Response (joke cracking) Reinforcer (approval and attention of friends) Example: When the signal turns red, driver stops at signal to follow traffic rules. SD(signal turns red) Response (driver stops at signal) 6. Define S∆ and give an example that is not in this chapter. Identify both the S∆ and the response in the example.
Assignment 3 An extinction stimulus or S∆ is a stimulus in the presence of which an operant response will not be reinforced. An S∆ is a cue that a particular response will not pay off.Example: When Ketty cracks same joke about her professor during dinner infront of her parents, her joke cracking is not reinforced by her parents instead punishment is given to her. SD (Parents) Response (Joke cracking) No reinforcer (No positive attention or approval) Driving in high speed to show off do not reinforced by parents. SD (Parents) Response (Driving in high speed) No reinforcer 11. State the two effects of operant stimulus discrimination training.The two effects of operant stimulus discrimination training are as following: (1) Good stimulus control—a strong correlation between the occurrence of a particular stimulus and a particular response.(2) Stimulus discrimination—a response occurs to an SD (A discriminative stimulus), not to an S∆(An extinction stimulus).12. Define operant stimulus generalization. Give an example that is not in this chapter.