FINAL REVIEW SHEET

FINAL REVIEW SHEET - 1. Explain St. Anselm's Ontological...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Explain St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument. Even the Fool understands the concept of God and the meaning of the word “God.” *God is that than which no greater being can be conceived of 2. What is Gaunilo’s objection to Anselm’s Ontological Argument? There are infinitely many arguments of the same form that purport to establish the existence of all sorts of ridiculous beings. *Substitute ‘The Lost Island’ for God 3. What is Kant’s objection to Anselm’s Ontological Argument? St. Anselm mistakenly treats existence as an ordinary property. ‘Exists’ is not a predicate. Existence is not some additional property a thing can have. It is a pre condition for having any properties at all 4. Explain St. Aquinas’s 1 st Way of proving God’s existence. (The Argument from Change). Things that change are always changed by something else. Potential vs. Actual (can’t be simultaneous). There must have been a first/primary cause of change that wasn’t itself changed by anything else; this is God. 5. Explain St. Aquinas’s 3 rd Way of proving God’s existence. It’s impossible that every being that exists is a contingent being. But, there couldn’t have been a time when nothing existed because then nothing would exist in the world (something can’t come from nothing). The necessary being is GOD. 6. Explain St. Aquinas’s 5 th Way of proving God’s existence. (Argument from Design). Things do things for a purpose because it is their purpose. There must exist some intelligence that directs everything in nature towards an end, and this we call God.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
7. What is a priori justification? (Prior to experience). A belief is justified a priori just in case its justification doesn’t appeal to sense-experience. 8. What is a posteriori justification? A belief is justified a posteriori just in case its justification does involve an appeal to sense-experience. 9. What is the JTB analysis of knowledge? (Justified True Belief) Having a justified belief is sufficient for having knowledge. S knows that P if S believes that P. And if P is true, S is justified in believing P. 10. Explain Gettier’s putative counterexamples to the JTB analysis of knowledge. Having a justified belief is NOT sufficient for having knowledge. P but Not-Q or Q but Not-P. JTB Analysis is biconditional (both conditions must be true). Ex: The Jones, Smith, and job example. Jones doesn’t know about the 10 coins in his pocket. . 11. What are foundational (or, basic) beliefs? Self-justifying beliefs that cannot be rationally doubted
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

FINAL REVIEW SHEET - 1. Explain St. Anselm's Ontological...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online