philosophy 10-31

philosophy 10-31 - 10/31 Objection to Cartesian Dualism...

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10/31 Objection to Cartesian Dualism Cartesian Dualism: (i) Substance dualism: there are two distinct substances - mind substance and material substance; (ii) these two substances casually interact - the mind causally affects the body, and vice versa Objection 1 (the Interaction Problem) Cartesian Dualism is internally inconsistent (i.e. theses (i) and (ii) can't both be true) -We can easily understand how two material things can causally interact, for they are both the same kind of thing - All material things occupy space and time - But how can a material thing causally interact with a non-material thing? It appears they cannot. If they do. .. HOW? The mind and body causally interact only if they are not distinct substances. Ryle's Objection Objection 2: Cartesian Dualism and the interaction problem for it rests on a category mistake (whenever one kind of thing or fad is presented as belonging to another kind) Question for Cartesian Dualists: How can the mind cause the body to behave in various ways? Ryle- This question results from the following category mistake: it
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philosophy 10-31 - 10/31 Objection to Cartesian Dualism...

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