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Unformatted text preview: Roman taste: Emperor proclaiming a diplomatic victory Breastplate decoration with mythological and allegorical figures: sky god, earth goddess, personifications of the pacified provinces of Spain and Gaul (France) Official religion of Imperial Rome was Imperial Rome Augustus
Imperial Rome Augustus Ara Pacis Augustae, Rome, 139 B.C.E., marble Another monument (“altar”=ara) to celebrate Augustan peace (pacis augustae), i. e. the pacification of Spain and Gaul (and the empire as a whole) Exterior and interior decoration of relief panels Tellus Relief panel (bottom left): ancient Roman earth mother; drapery, pose betray Greek influence Procession panel (bottom right): led by Augustus himself, commemorates dedication Imperial Rome Colosseum
Imperial Rome Colosseum Colosseum, Rome, 7082 Example of an amphitheater (a Roman invention), consisting of two semicircular theaters enclosing an oval arena; movable sun cover Begun by Emperor Vespasian (69
79) and finished in 80 by his successor Titus; name derives from a giant (“colossal”) statue of Nero in front, which has since vanished Example of Roman public works Performances: gladiator fights, man
beast struggles; inauguration: staged naval battle with 3,000 participants, arena flooded on purpose Stereotypes about the Colosseum
Stereotypes about the Colosseum JeanLéon Gérôme, Thumbs Down...
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- Spring '08