1001 Lecture 5 ALL

12080bce laterepublicanperioddictator

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Unformatted text preview: anding) > Etruscan heritage? Temple now believed to be dedicated Republican Rome ­ Architecture Republican Rome ­ Architecture “Temple of Vesta,” Tivoli (Italy), early 1st century B.C.E. Semicircular tholos temple with an axial alignment Outer appearance remains Greek: Corinthian order (defining feature: acanthus leaves – the third Greek order not discussed so far) Etruscan­type podium, monolithic columns (all in one piece, not assembled from drum segments as in Greece), walls made out of concrete (a Roman invention), frieze with decoration of garlands held up by heads of Republican Rome ­ Architecture Republican Rome ­ Architecture Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia, Palestrina (Italy), ca. 120­80 B.C.E. Late Republican period (dictator Sulla); expansive temple structure on site where oracular lots had been cast Sanctuary on top terrace, in center of a colonnaded semicircle, axial symmetry; structure re­emerged after bomb raid in WWII Opus incertum One of the very earliest examples for Roman innovations in building techniques that define architecture to the present day: use of concrete (opu...
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This document was uploaded on 04/08/2013.

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