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Malibu, CA Imperial Rome
Imperial Rome The last years of Republican Rome were riddled with civil wars, which Ocatvian Caesar, the future Emperor Augustus, brought to an end after defeating Antony and Cleopatra at Actium in 31 B.C.E.; “Pax Romana” (“Roman Peace” for 150 years); long line of emperors, the JulioClaudians
Glorification of the outer aspects of the Empire; emphasis on public works, architecture, infrastructure
During the second century, Rome was at the height of its power, under the emperors Trajan, Hadrian, and the Antonines; largest geographical expansion, from Britain to Egypt and Mesopotamia
Starting in the third century, tribes coming mostly from the northern fringes of the Empire (Goths, Vandals, etc.), launched incursions that damaged the economic and administrative structure; these problems were magnified by internal mentality changes (antimaterialism) brought about by the introduction of Christianity (Christianity graduated from persecuted mystery cult to toleration under Constantine the Great in 313, to official state religion in 380); Empire on verge of Imperial Rome Augustus
Imperial Rome Augustus Augustus of Primaporta, ca. 20 B.C.E., marble Sculpture reveals how much Roman art was predicated on the admiration of Greek models (artist very probably of Greek origin); hope for Roman cultural renewal, golden age of Augustan peace Sedate, idealized manner (“august”) fit...
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This document was uploaded on 04/08/2013.
- Spring '08