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1001 Lecture 5 ALL

30bcemarble lifesizemarblestatuefromtheendof

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Unformatted text preview: idealized portrait in the Greek tradition, but one that expresses the Roman values of veritas (literalness, verism – notice the wrinkles in this very naturalistic portrait) and severitas (severity) Roman society was (generally speaking) conservative and socially stratified into plebeians (common people) and patricians (aristocratic leadership class) The sitter of this portrait bust was almost certainly a patrician Republican Rome Republican Rome Roman Patrician with Busts of his Ancestors (The Barberini Statue), ca. 30 B.C.E., marble Life size marble statue from the end of the Republican period Cult of the ancestors assumed almost religious dimensions in ancient Rome; each house had niches or shrines to receive the busts of the ancestors (penates, also known as household gods) Republican Rome ­ Architecture Republican Rome ­ Architecture Temple of “Fortuna Virilis,” Rome, late 2nd century B.C.E. Roman civic identity was first and foremost expressed in architecture and city planning Synthesis of Greek (Ionic columns) and Etruscan architectural elements What makes this temple different from previous ones? High podium, large cellae (=Gr. naos, or enclosed chamber inside a temple) with a deep porch, engaged columns (columns that are inserted into the wall proper, not freest...
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