eastern euro final review

Eastern euro final - Phanariots privileged Greek elite in Ottoman Empire created ethnic tensions millet system Orthodox millet usually ruled by

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Phanariots: - privileged Greek elite in Ottoman Empire, created ethnic tensions - millet system: Orthodox millet usually ruled by Greek patriarch (Greek dominance over Orthodox Christians creates nationalism) Partitions of Poland - 1 st Partition: Russia, Prussia, Austria take parts of Poland, loses 1/3 of its territory - 2nd Partition: Prussia & Russia join Polish nobles who want to restore the liberum veto - 3 rd Partition (1795): Austria, Prussia, & Russia split up all of Poland French Revolution (1789) - collapse of old regime - French nation (not king) becomes sovereign (equal rights, citizenship) - three estates: nobility, clergy, townspeople - 1 st two estates were privileged, 3 rd estate constituted as “National Assembly,” an assembly not of the Estates but of “the People” - Napoleonic Wars: extension of revolutionary wars, most of Europe conquered, then defeats starting in Russia 1812 Nationalism - evolved from the French Revolution - the idea that state and nation should coincide - dominates 19 th and 20 th centuries: especially in multicultural empires Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) - this congress found a way to end Napoleonic reforms and consequences of French Revolution - powers represented: Russia, Prussia, Austria, Great Britain - tried to turn back to dynastic way - new Polish state would be ruled by Russian czar Metternich - Austrian foreign minister - acted as the restored of the ‘Old Regime’ and the reconstruction of Europe after the Napoleonic wars - formed a ‘Holy Alliance’ between Austria, Russia, Prussia, and France to safeguard the balance of power Duchy of Warsaw (1897-1815) - Polish Legions - Poles become part of the French army b/c they want the French to come to their aid and help create a Polish state - Polish support for Napolean resulted in creation of small Poish state: Duchy of Warsaw, lasted only 18 years
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Multinational Empires Habsburg Empire - coexistence of different ethnicities leads to conflict
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 200 taught by Professor Dr.livezeanu during the Fall '07 term at Pittsburgh.

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Eastern euro final - Phanariots privileged Greek elite in Ottoman Empire created ethnic tensions millet system Orthodox millet usually ruled by

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