Chapter 4

Chapter 4 - Chapter 4- Carbon Chemistry I. Organic...

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Chapter 4- Carbon Chemistry I.  Organic Chemistry Organic chemistry is the study of carob-containing molecules.  Early organic chemists could not  synthesize the complex molecules found in living organisms and therefore attributed the existence of  life and the formation of these molecules to a life force independent of physical and chemical laws, a  belief known as vitalism.   Mechanism, the philosophy underlying modern organic chemistry, holds that physical and chemical  laws and explanations are sufficient to account for all natural phenomena. Carbon has six electrons.  To complete its valence shell, carbon forms four covalent bonds with other  atoms.  This tetravalnce is at the center of carbon’s ability to form large and complex molecules with  characteristic three-dimensional shapes and properties.  When carbon forms four single covalent bonds,  it is shaped like a tetrahedron.  Carbon’s covalent bonds can include single, double or triple bonds. II.  Variation In Carbon Skeletons
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Chapter 4 - Chapter 4- Carbon Chemistry I. Organic...

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