Describe services provided by theSpecial Supplemental Nutrition Programfor Women, Infants and Children (WIC).1a
For more than 40 years, the WIC Program (now known as the Special SupplementalNutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children) has provided supplemental foods andnutrition education for low-income women, infants, and children up to 5 years of age. Theultimate goal of WIC is to improve the nutritional status of low-income pregnant orlactating women, infants, and young children who have been identified as being atnutritional risk. The primary method of achieving that goal is through the provision ofspecific nutrient-dense foods paid for through program checks, vouchers, or electronicdebit cards to eligible pregnant or lactating women and mothers/caregivers of infants andchildren. WIC program participation includes regular nutrition risk screening, growthassessment, and counseling by healthcare providers. During the infant's first year, WICsupplemental food packages for breastfeeding mothers provide milk, iron-fortifiedbreakfast cereals, 100% juice containing vitamin C, eggs, and either dried beans/peas orpeanut butter. Mothers of exclusively breast-fed infants also receive cheese, tuna, andcarrots. Breast-fed infants do not receive food packages until they are weaned. Foodpackages for infants who are weaned provide iron-fortified infant formula for the first 6months with the addition of iron-fortified infant cereal and infant juices at 4 to 6 months.1b
Describe strategies for establishinghealthy eating patterns in childhood andways to encourage children to try newfoods.2a
Encourage children to try new foods,family together at meal times,introducing new foods in school, involvechildren in food selection andpreparation2b
Differentiate between fat-soluble andwater-soluble vitamins.3a
ADEK-fat soluble - higher potential fortoxicity/overdoseB, C - water soluble, typically eliminatedin urine3b
Explain how you would help a patientdecide whether they should or shouldnot take a dietary supplement4a
Do you eat fewer than 2 meals per day?Is your diet restricted? That is, do you not eat meat, or milk or milk products,or eat fewer than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day?Do you eat alone most of the time?Without wanting to, have you lost or gained more than 10 pounds in the last6 months?