C787 Flashcards Unit 7.pdf - Describe services provided by...

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Describe services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). 1a
For more than 40 years, the WIC Program (now known as the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children) has provided supplemental foods and nutrition education for low-income women, infants, and children up to 5 years of age. The ultimate goal of WIC is to improve the nutritional status of low-income pregnant or lactating women, infants, and young children who have been identified as being at nutritional risk. The primary method of achieving that goal is through the provision of specific nutrient-dense foods paid for through program checks, vouchers, or electronic debit cards to eligible pregnant or lactating women and mothers/caregivers of infants and children. WIC program participation includes regular nutrition risk screening, growth assessment, and counseling by healthcare providers. During the infant's first year, WIC supplemental food packages for breastfeeding mothers provide milk, iron-fortified breakfast cereals, 100% juice containing vitamin C, eggs, and either dried beans/peas or peanut butter. Mothers of exclusively breast-fed infants also receive cheese, tuna, and carrots. Breast-fed infants do not receive food packages until they are weaned. Food packages for infants who are weaned provide iron-fortified infant formula for the first 6 months with the addition of iron-fortified infant cereal and infant juices at 4 to 6 months. 1b
Describe strategies for establishing healthy eating patterns in childhood and ways to encourage children to try new foods. 2a
Encourage children to try new foods, family together at meal times, introducing new foods in school, involve children in food selection and preparation 2b
Differentiate between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins. 3a
ADEK-fat soluble - higher potential for toxicity/overdose B, C - water soluble, typically eliminated in urine 3b
Explain how you would help a patient decide whether they should or should not take a dietary supplement 4a
Do you eat fewer than 2 meals per day? Is your diet restricted? That is, do you not eat meat, or milk or milk products, or eat fewer than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day? Do you eat alone most of the time? Without wanting to, have you lost or gained more than 10 pounds in the last 6 months?

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