Emile Durkheim Part 9 - Emile Durkheim Part 9 ...

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Emile Durkheim (Part 9) Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Mechanical Solidarity Based on a strong collective conscience regulating the thought and actions of individuals located within structural units that are all alike Emile Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Legal codes, which in Durkheim’s view are the best empirical indicator of solidarity, are repressive, and sanctions are punitive. The reason for such repressiveness is that deviation from the dictates of the collective conscience is viewed as acrime against all members of the societyand the gods. Emile Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Organic Solidarity These societies are typified by large populations, distributed in specialized roles in many diverse structural units. Organic societies reveal high degrees of interdependence among individuals and corporate units, with exchange, legal
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Unformatted text preview:contracts, and norms regulating these interrelations. The collective conscience becomes "enfeebled" and "more abstract," providing highly general and secular premises for the exchanges, contracts, and norms regulating the interdependencies among specialized social units. ❚ Emile Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity ❘ This alteration is reflected in legal codes that become less punitive and more "restitutive," specifying nonpunitive ways to redress violations of normative arrangements and to reintegrate violators back into the network of interdependencies that typify organic societies. In such societies individual freedom is great, and the secular and highly abstract collective conscience becomes dominated by values stressing respect for the personal dignity of the individual. ❚ Emile Durkheim: Mechanical and Organic Solidarity