IHP 501 Final Project One Submission Country Profile COMPLETED.docx

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1 Alexis Autry Final Project One Submission: Country Profile IHP Global Health and Diversity Southern New Hampshire University Dr. Fahey October 25 th 2020
2 Introduction The country that I chose is South Africa. The purpose is that the “NHI aims to ensure that all citizens and residents of South Africa, irrespective of socioeconomic status, have access to good quality health services provided by both the public and private sectors, thereby eradicating financial barriers to health care access.” (Health, n.d.) The reason I chose South Africa is that even though South Africa does have excellent healthcare, it is widely limited to the private sector which most of South Africa’s population cannot afford. While there is free healthcare for those in South Africa, the services are known to be stretched so a lot of the places that provide this free care are under sourced and understaffed. This issue causes for a lot of people to be denied care by turning them away due to the lack of help. According to the government of South Africa there are a lot of challenges to keep the health system up to desired outcomes, but they need to come up with a plan to improve their health system to be lasting and have good quality. Appropriate details needed for an analysis of South Africa involve policy makers, planners, and health system managers. They need data from the population, geographic locations, and climate in order to track the progress of the healthcare system. In order to improve their health system performance, they need correct data so that they can see progress towards their health goals. A lot of the information that is needed for the health system is done outside of the health sector. They use a population data from the surveys, which is a registration system they use and send out surveys to households to receive a measurement of mortality for their country. “This is also the case for data on key determinants of health such as socioeconomic status, education, nutrition and food security.” (Mbondji, et al., 2014) The census is a source used for data also when calculating the country’s fertility and population dynamics as will. When you compare the censuses at different time periods, it gives information about the growth or decline
3 of the country. It also is an important source when it comes to the data on the living conditions of the population as well as the distribution of healthcare workers which is much needed in South Africa. According to the “World Health Organization (WHO) the number of surveys per country in Africa’s sub regions have increased from less than one survey in 1985 to two or more surveys in the 2000’s in the South and East Sub regions.” (Mbondji, et al., 2014) Health information that we use to collect from health organizations not always provides a complete picture of the organization nor the health status of the population. “Not all population groups have geographic or economic access to health facilities.” (Mbondji, et al., 2014) Even though using data on health statuses from health organizations they can sometimes be biased and fragmentary. In South

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