05_05_travel_guide.rtf - 05.05 The Age of Enlightenment...

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05.05 The Age of Enlightenment: Note Guide Take notes using the guide as you complete the lesson and activities. Big Ideas What I Learned Who were some of the major figures in the English Enlightenment and what were their ideas and contributions? Thomas Hobbes: English philosopher and political theorist best known for his book Leviathan (1651), in which he argues that the only way to secure civil society is through universal submission to the absolute authority of a sovereign John Locke: English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience Who were some of the major figures in the Scottish Enlightenment and what were their ideas and contributions? David Hume: Scottish philosopher and historian whose skeptical arguments concerning induction, causation, and religion, including the thesis that human knowledge arises only from sense experience Adam Smith: a Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade Who were some of the major figures in

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