review15 - Review of Lectures and Assignments 20/21 Life in...

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Review of Lectures and Assignments 20/21: Life in Athens and The Golden Age of Athens (3/17, 3/19) Reading Assignment: Martin pp. 105-116, 124-125, 135-142; Martin pp. 116-123 Review the early history of Athens that we have covered already in the course: What was Athens like in the Mycenean period/The Dark Ages - It was continuously inhabitied had the palace on the top of the acropolis which made it the center of the city. Autochthony - Born from the earth gave them a sense of community. Draco’s laws --621BC- First written law code- They were particularly harsh- blood shed was the penalty for even minor crimes. Solon’s reforms 594-580bc ---the rights and political participation of citizens based on economic criteria however, class mobility was possible for the first time Reign of the Peisistratids---sons(tyrants) are expelled from Athens because they were a threat to solon –they increased democracy, gave the people more rights. Pericles’ Citizenshop law-451/0- both parents must be citizen for offspring to be considered citizen. US V THEM. Aristocracy to democracy? Slow but steady radicalization of the democracy. You are only responsible for the specific dates listed on the resource page, but be sure to understand the relative sequence of events in Athenian history—both what we have covered before, and the new material. What is synoecism? is the amalgamation of villages and small towns in Ancient Hellas into larger political units such as a single city. It is the process by which democracy in the Ancient Greek world originated and developed. The word itself means "dwelling together" or "to unite together under one capital city". Who was traditionally said to be responsible for synoecism in Attica? Theseus the great king of athens What is autochthony? being born there. .born on the earth-- strong sense of self identity What role did it play in forming Athenian identity? It formed a self identity. . Athenians identify themselves as ionians ---
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claim the ionian cities are settled by them. What basis does this Athenian belief have in historical reality? What were Cleisthenes’ reforms? Cleisthenes was the Father of Democracy he had—Demes and the tribal reforms--- the tribes were controlling Athens Cleisthenes wants to put an end to this so he takes 4 big tribes and divides them up among Athens into 10 different tribes and puts them all around Athens in no specific order. Ostracism reform
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review15 - Review of Lectures and Assignments 20/21 Life in...

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