review16 - Review of Lectures and Assignments 22-25: Greek...

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Review of Lectures and Assignments 22-25: Greek Tragedy, Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides Reading Assignment: Martin pp. 130-135; Aeschylus, Agamemnon , Eumenides ; Sophocles, Antigone ; Euripides Medea Questions: What does tragodia mean? “Song of the Goat” According to Aristotle’s account, what were the origins of tragedy? How did it develop over time? Who was associated with some of the innovations? It originated in Peloponnesus and migrated to Athens. Aristotle- “Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is admirable, complete, and posses magnitude.” It is said to have taught a lesson. 1- Improvisational- Dithyrambic (singing and dancing) Single actor and chorus 2- Aeschylean- two actors but limited dialogue between, separation of actors and chorus, protagonist 3- Sopoclean- Three actors and Scenery>> Euripidean, development of chorus. 4- Satyr-plays_ Celebration Dionysus comedy/tragedy. 5- Trochaic tetrameter>> Iambic Trimeter (natural greek speech rhythm) How many plays were presented by each playwright at the tragic competition? What other kind of play was presented along with the tragedies? At tragic competitions 3 plays were usually presented by each playwright. Sometimes Satyr-Plays and Trochaic Tetrameter were also presented along with the tragedies. What kind of meters were used in tragedy? What is important about the kind of meter used? Iamb: short-long- similar to speech. Trochee: long-short- unnatural What does a Greek theater look like? How was the stage set up? They are built with the city behind them suggesting it is part of the city. Greek Theaters had a Skene- Building in back, diazoma-pathway going up, parodos- where the actors entered (2), orchestra- where chorus and dancers were. What sort of costumes did the actors where? What was the scenery like? What kind of machinery was used? They used masks, both tragic and comic, for costumes. The scenery consisted of pinakes- painted backdrops, and thyromata- stage props. Machinery: Ekkyklema- used to change scenes, Mechane- Usually god comes onto stage through the air, And sound effects. What was the chorus in Greek drama? The chorus was more complex and they interacted more with the play.
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What was the occasion for the major tragic competition in Athens? How were the plays judged? How were the plays produced? Athenian Dramatic Festivals- City Dionysia, Theater of Dionysus- where all male citizens are welcome. They were judged by the people the Theater held 14000 people. What was the usual subject matter of tragedy? What exceptions are there and what might they suggest about why the? Mythology- Non- violence, and dieing on stage Exceptions- The sack of miletus- The Athenians left the Ionians to battle Persians (Phrynichis) AND The Persians (Aeschylus) Glorified Athenians. When did the Athenian tragic competitions begin?
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course CC 31915 taught by Professor Beaulieu during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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review16 - Review of Lectures and Assignments 22-25: Greek...

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