modern euro Chapter 27 notes - Chapter 27 The Cold War...

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Chapter 27: The Cold War Europe left in ruin after the warRelations between countries and within them were shatteredGovernments had to be recreatedSuperpowers- US and USSRCold War divided EuropeoLead to European Common Market in the West and a socialist bloc in the EastoCollapse and reformation of nations brought rivalriesThe Cold War and a Divided ContinentEnd of war lead to more mistrustUS and USSR: different military powers, sets of state interests and ideologies (capitalism vs. communism)The Iron CurtainoUSSR claimed it had legitimate right to control Eastern EuropeoStalin was paranoid, viewed all as a threatoUSSR determined to maintain political, economic and military control of the lands liberated of the NazisoResistance from former allies lead to suspicion and aggressivenessoForcefully created “people’s republics” sympathetic to MoscowSet up coalition gov w/o Nazi sympathizersThen domination by communistCommunists took over all key powersoDefied Yalta, crushes coalition gov in CzechoEastern bloc- included Poland, Hungary, Romania and BulgariaoTito fought for Yugoslavian independence from MoscowCountry expelled from communist economic and military pactsoUSSR purged satellite governments, which was successfuloAnti-Semitism had not died out, Jews blamed for horrors of the waro

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