Test 2 Study Guide

Test 2 Study Guide - Abnormal Psychology Study Guide...

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Abnormal Psychology Study Guide Chapter 5 anxiety – a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of physical tension and apprehension about the future fear – an immediate emotional reaction to current danger Characteristics of Anxiety Disorders o psychological disorders with pervasive and persistent symptoms of anxiety and fear o individuals have excessive avoidance/escapist tendencies o cause clinically significant distress and impairment panic attack – an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort accompanied by physical symptoms that usually include heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and possibly dizziness Sub-types of panic attacks o Situationally bound – panic attacks in certain/specific situations (cued) o Unexpected – don’t have a clue when or where the next attack will occur (uncued) o Situationally predisposed – more likely, but not inevitably, to have an attack where you have had one before o Unexpected and situationally predisposed are especially important/significant Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) o excessive, uncontrollable anxious apprehension and worry o strong, persistent anxiety o somatic symptoms are different than those associated with panic o lasts for 6 or more months o 4% of the population have it Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia (PDA) o individuals experience severe unexpected panic attacks o because they never know when an attack will occur, they develop agoraphobia o agoraphobia – fear and avoidance of situations in which they would feel unsafe in the event of a panic attack Panic Disorder w/o Agoraphobia Specific Phobias o extreme and irrational fear of a specific object or situation o markedly interferes with one’s ability to function o can recognize that fears are unreasonable o go to great lengths to avoid phobic objects
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Abnormal Psychology Study Guide Four Major Sub-types o Animal Type o Natural Environment Type o Blood-Injection Type o Situational Type PTSD o requires exposure to a traumatic event o extreme fear, helplessness, and/or horror o individuals continue to re-experience the event via flashbacks, nightmares, etc. o avoidance of reminders of trauma o interpersonal problems are common – difficulty being close with people o markedly interferes with ability to function o only diagnosed after 1 month or more of post-trauma o Acute Stress Disorder – for the first initial month Compulsions – thoughts or actions to suppress thoughts; can be behavioral or mental Obsessions o intrusive and nonsensical thoughts, images, or urges that one tries to resist or eliminate o contamination = 55% o aggressive impulses = 50% o sexual content = 32% o somatic concerns = 35% o need for symmetry = 37% Chapter 6 Somatoform Disorders o overly preoccupied with health or body appearance o physical complaints without a medical condition
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Test 2 Study Guide - Abnormal Psychology Study Guide...

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