Test 1 Review Answers

Test 1 Review Answers - Chapter 1 The Science of Biology...

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Hierarchical Organization *Cellular atoms – molecules – macromolecules – organelles – cells … Organismal tissue – organs – organ systems – organism … Population population – species – community – ecosystem – biosphere *main focus Emergent Properties – new functions/properties that are a result of a new level of organization Core Themes that Unite Biology: Living things have… 1) Organization of Life (Cell Theory) - cellular organization 2) Continuity of Life (Molecular Genetics) - mechanism for heredity 3) Diversity of Life (Evolutionary Change) - unique features based on evolutionary change - adaptation from natural selection 4) Unity of Life (Evolutionary Conservation) - conserved features Nature of Science – way of using specific observations and reasoning Types of Reasoning 1) Deductive Logic (math and philosophy) a. general principles yield specific conclusions b. All things I see called “whales” have hair (assumed to be true) c. Next whale seen will have hair. 2) Inductive Logic a. specific observations yield general conclusions b. All things I see called “whales” have hair. (known to be true) c. All whales have hair. Science is Hypothesis Driven 1) hypothesis a. states a cause b. offers predictions 2) test the cause (hypothesis) using observations and experiments a. test – manipulates the variable of interest
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BIO 110 taught by Professor Mcnett during the Fall '07 term at Westminster MO.

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Test 1 Review Answers - Chapter 1 The Science of Biology...

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