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Unformatted text preview: n match the literary excellence of the Quran with respect to both content and form. [Note for example sura al-Baqarah (2:23) which reads: 'If you are in any doubt about what We have sent to Our servant, then bring a chapter like it and call in your witnesses besides God, if you are truthful.'] It is neither poetry nor prose; its rhythm and its genre and word structure are unique. It is the spiritual miracle of the prophethood of Muhammad, who never learned to read or write, and it is considered to have been far beyond his own ability to produce a linguistic artefact of this kind. In more than one place, the Quran challenges those who deny its divine origin by asking them to produce anything to match it. P. 45.] [Abu Zahrah, Usul, p. 65; Sabuni, Madkhal, The second aspect of ijaz in the Quran is its narration of events which took place centuries ago. The accuracy of the Quranic narratives concerning such events is generally confirmed by historical evidence. [von Denffer, Ulum, P. 152.] The third aspect of ijaz in the Quran is its accurate prediction of future events, such as the victory of the Muslims in the battle of Badr (al-Anfal, 8:7), the conquest of Mecca (al-Fath, 48:27) and the eventual defeat of the Persians by the Roman empire: The Romans were defeated in a land near-by, but even after this defeat, they will be victorious in a few years (fi bidi sinin; literally in a period lasting up to ten years)' (al-Rum, 30:2). The Romans were defeated by the Persians when the latter took Jerusalem in 614 A.D. But seven years later the Persians were defeated when the Romans won the battle of Issus in 622. [For further details on ijaz see von Denffer, 'Ulum, PP. 152-57; Abu Zahrah, Usul, pp. 65-66; Khallaf, Ilm, PP. 25-27.] The fourth aspect of ijaz in the Quran is manifested in its scientific truth concerning the creation of man, the earth and the planetary system. The tenets thus inform us: Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence ~ Kamali 43 'We created man from an extract of clay, then We placed him as a drop of semen in a secure resting-place. Then We turned the drop into a clot; next We turned the clot into tissue; and then We turned the tissue into bones and clothed the bones with flesh' (al-Mu'minun, 23:12-14). That the earth was previously a part of the sun, and only after it was separated from the sun did it become suitable for human habitation (al-Anbiya', 21:30). That all life originated in water (al-Anbiya', 21:30). That originally the universe consisted of fiery gas (Ha-mim, 41: 11). That matter is made up of minute particles (Yunus, 10:62). That fertilisation of certain plants is facilitated by the wind (al-Hijr, 15:22). Another manifestation of ijaz in the Quran is to be seen in its humanitarian, legal and cultural reforms that were unprecedented in the history of nations. Thus in the sphere of government, the ruler and the ruled were both equally subjected to adjudication under the rule of law. government under the rule of law - also referred to as the principle of legality - see my article 'The Citizen and State', P. 3...
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