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Unformatted text preview: f Islamic Jurisprudence ~ Kamali 66 for his gentleness, Moses for his commanding presence and Jesus for his devotion to worship - let him behold 'Ali. [85. For details see Siba'i, Al-Sunnah, pp. 76-80; Azami, Studies, pp.68-73.] There are numerous fabricated ahadith condemning Mu'awiyah, including, for example, the one in which the Prophet is quoted to have ordered the Muslims, 'When you see Mu'awiyah on my pulpit, kill him.' The fanatic supporters of Mu'awiyah and the Umayyad dynasty are, on the other hand, known to have fabricated Hadith such as 'The trusted ones are three: I, Gabriel and Mu'awiyah. The Kharijites are on the whole considered to have avoided fabricating Hadith, which is due mainly to their belief that the perpetrator of a grave sin is no longer a Muslim. Since they saw the fabrication of Hadith in this light, they avoided indulgence in forgery as a matter of principle and a requirement of their doctrine. [87. Siba'i, p. 82.] A group of heretic factions known as al-Zanadiqah (pl. of Zindiq), owing to their hatred of Islam, fabricated Hadith which discredited Islam in the view of its followers. Included among such are: 'eggplants are cure for every illness'; and 'beholding a good-looking face is a form of 'ibadah'. It is reported that just before his execution, one of the notorious fabricators of Hadith, 'Abd al-Karim b. Abu al-'Awja', confessed that he had fabricated 4,000 ahadith in which halal was rendered haram and haram was rendered halal. It has been further reported that the Zanadiqah fabricated a total of 14,000 ahadith, [88. Siba'i, pp. 84-85; Azami, Studies, p. 68; Hitu, Wajiz, p. 290.] a report which may or may not be credible. For a statement of this nature tends to arouse suspicion as to its veracity: even in fabricated matters, it is not a facile task to invent such a vast number of Hadith on the subject of halal and haram. Could it be that exaggerated figures of this order were quote mainly for their subversive value? Racial, tribal and linguistic fanaticism was yet another context in which Hadith were fabricated. Note for example the following: 'When ever God was angry, He sent down revelation in Arabic, but when contented, He chose Persian for this purpose.' The Arab fanatic too has matched this anathema by claiming that 'Whenever God was angry he sent down revelation in Persian, but when contented He chose to speak in Arabic. [89. For these and more examples see Siba'i, Al-Sunnah, p. 85ff.] These and other similar forgeries relating to the virtues of superiority of certain tribes, cities, and periods of time over others have been isolated by the ulema of Hadith and placed in the category of al-Mawdu'at. Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence ~ Kamali 67 [86. Siba'i, p. 81.] [90. Note e.g. Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti's (d. 911 A.H.) Al-La'ali al-Masnu'ah fi al-Ahadith al-Mawdu'ah; Shaykh 'Ali al-Qari al-Hanafi (d. 1014), Al-Mawdu'at al-Kabir, and Yahya b. 'Ali al-Shawkani (d. 1250), Al-Fawa'id al-Majmu'ah fi'l-Ahadith al-Mawdu'ah.] Known among the classes of forgers are also professional story-tell...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2013 for the course ISLAM 101 taught by Professor Islam during the Spring '13 term at Harvey Mudd College.
- Spring '13