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Commission on Higher EducationOAS COMMUNITY COLLEGECalzada, Oas, AlbayTHE CHILD ANDADOLESCENTLEARNERS ANDLEARNINGPRINCIPLESInstructorFranceen Rodriguez Restubog[email protected]09090706259
I.Module 7: Developmental Theories and Other Relevant TheoriesKohlberg’sStages of Moral DevelopmentRight action tends to be defined in terms of general individual rights andstandards that have been critically examined and agreed upon by the wholesociety.-Lawrence KohlbergII. Introduction:Individuals, when confronted by situations where they need to make moral decisions, exercise their own abilityto use moral reasoning. Lawrence Kohlberg was interested in studying the development of moral reasoning. He basedhis theory on the findings of Piaget in studying cognitive development. Our ability to choose right from wrong is tiedwith our ability to understand and reason logically.III. Learning Outcomes:At the end of this Module, you should be able to:Explain the stages of moral developmentAnalyze a person’s level of moral reasoning based on his responses to moral dilemmasCite how the theory of moral development can be applied to your workas teacher later onIV. Pre-Assessment:QUESTION:Should Heinz have stolen the drug?WHY OR WHY NOT?V. Lesson Content/DiscussionLawrence Kohlberg built on Piaget’s work, and set the groundwork for thepresent debate within psychology onmoral development. Like Piaget, he believed that children form ways of thinking through their experiences which includeunderstandings of moral concepts such as justice, rights, equality and human welfare. Kohlberg followed thedevelopment of moral judgment and extended the ages covered by Piaget and found out that the process of attainingmoral maturity took longer and occurred slower than Piaget had thought.If Piaget designed specific tasks (Piagetian tasks) to learn about the cognitive development of children, Kohlbergutilized moral dilemmas (Kohlberg dilemmas). Like Piaget, he presented these dilemmas to the individuals in is researchand asked for their responses. He did not aim to judge whether the responses were right or wrong. He was interested inanalyzing the moral reasoning behind the responses.From his research, Kohlberg identified six stages of moral reasoning grouped into three major levels. Each levelrepresents a significant change in the social-moral reasoning or perspective of the person.Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral DevelopmentLevel 1 - Pre-conventional moralityAt the pre-conventional level (most nine-year-olds and younger, some over nine), we don’t have apersonal code of morality. Instead, our moral code is shaped by the standards of adults and theconsequences of following or breaking their rules.

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Term
Winter
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NoProfessor
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Lawrence Kohlberg, Kohlberg s stages of moral development

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