ch09 - Chapter: Chapter 09: Language and Thought Multiple...

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Chapter: Chapter 09: Language and Thought Multiple Choice 1. Which of the following areas refers to the meaning of words? a) Phonology b) Semantics c) Morphology d) Pragmatics Ans: b Feedback A: Sounds of language Feedback B: Correct! Feedback C: Smallest units of language that have meaning Feedback D: Social norms of language Section Ref: Language Learning Objective: Define language, describe how we learn languages and parts of the brain that are active in language, and discuss differences and problems that can affect people’s language skills. Difficulty: Easy True/False 2. Language can be spoken, signed, or written. Ans: True Section Ref: Language Learning Objective: Define language, describe how we learn languages and parts of the brain that are active in language, and discuss differences and problems that can affect people’s language skills. Difficulty: Easy Fill-in-the-blank
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3. Humans make new sentences each time they speak. This refers to the concept that language is creative or __________. Ans: generative Section Ref: Language Learning Objective: Define language, describe how we learn languages and parts of the brain that are active in language, and discuss differences and problems that can affect people’s language skills. Difficulty: Medium Short Answer 4. What are the two main components of language? Ans: Production and comprehension Section Ref: Language Learning Objective: Define language, describe how we learn languages and parts of the brain that are active in language, and discuss differences and problems that can affect people’s language skills. Difficulty: Medium Essay 5. Why is animal communication not a language? Ans: Animal vocalizations are innate and do not change, whereas human speech is generative. Section Ref: Language Learning Objective: Define language, describe how we learn languages and parts of the brain that are active in language, and discuss differences and problems that can affect people’s language skills. Difficulty: Hard Multiple Choice
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6. How many phonemes does the English language have? a) Approximately 15 b) Approximately 25 c) Approximately 40 d) Approximately 50 Ans: c Feedback A: Too few Feedback B: Too few Feedback C: Correct! Feedback D: Too many Section Ref: Language Learning Objective: Define language, describe how we learn languages and parts of the brain that are active in language, and discuss differences and problems that can affect people’s language skills. Difficulty: Medium True/False 7. Languages with more phonemes are capable of producing more complex ideas than languages with fewer phonemes. Ans: False Section Ref: Language Learning Objective: Define language, describe how we learn languages and parts of the brain that are active in language, and discuss differences and problems that can affect people’s language skills.
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