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Unformatted text preview: e bias. His current research interests involve the relation between Black
anti-White bias and health-care-related behaviors. His research has been funded by the National
Cancer Institute and the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Addiction. He is presently a
consulting editor for the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and he has served as a
reviewer for a number of other journals, including Journal of Experimental Social Psychology and
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Daniel Linz received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. At the
University of California, Santa Barbara, he shares a joint appointment as Professor in the Anderson, Berkowitz, Donnerstein, Huesmann, Johnson, Linz, Malamuth, & Wartella 4 Department of Communication and the Law and Society Program, where he served as Chair from
1995 through 2000. His research involves empirically testing assumptions related to the First
Amendment and spans the topics of media violence, pornography, sexual depictions and sexual
entertainment, pretrial publicity, news, and race. Neil M. Malamuth is Professor of Psychology and Communication and Chair of the Department of
Communication/Speech at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He received his
Ph.D. in social psychology from UCLA in 1975 and has previously served on the faculties of the
University of Manitoba, Canada, and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His primary research
focuses on the causes of violence, with particular emphasis on sexual coercion and on media effects.
He has more than 100 scholarly publications in these research areas. He is a Fellow of the American
Psychological Society and of the American Psychological Association. His recent publications
include articles on a hierarchical model of the characteristics of both criminal and noncriminal
sexual aggressors, the role of pornography consumption as a potential contributing factor to sexual
coercion, and the relevance of evolutionary psychology to research on sexual coercion and to
understanding the appeal and impact of the mass media. Ellen Wartella is Dean of the College of Communication, Walter Cronkite Regents Chair in
Communication, and Mrs. Mary Gibbs Jones Centennial Chair in Communication at the University
of Texas at Austin. She is coauthor or editor of nine books and dozens of book chapters and articles
on children and media. She is co-Principal Investigator on a 5-year multisite research project,
funded by the National Science Foundation, titled Children's Research Initiative: Children's Digital
Media Center. 5 Media Violence Authors' Note
In the summer of 2000, the U.S. Surgeon General asked the National Institute of Mental Health
(NIMH) to establish an expert panel of media violence researchers charged with the task of
reporting on the effects of media violence, to be included as part of a larger report on youth
violence.Rowell Huesmann organized the media violence expert panel and served as its chair. The
authors of this report were that expert panel.
As members of the expert panel, we met in August 2000, communicated extensively, and
submitted a first draft to NIMH and the Surgeon General's staff in September. In early November,
we received a revised draft from NIMH that we considered to be a distortion of the research and
completely unacceptable. In consultation with the relevant federal offices, we revised our original
report in an effort to preserve the report’s scientific accuracy while responding to the concerns that
had led to the initial revisions. Later that month, we presented and discussed our revised report with
key representatives from NIMH and the Office of the Surgeon General, modified it once again, and
believed we had reached agreement on this statement. However, when the final Surgeon General's
Report on Youth Violence was released in January 2001, it did not contain a separate chapter on
media violence; instead, the full report discussed media violence only in a section on risk factors
and included a brief and substantially altered appendix on media violence. The decision to proceed
this way was made by the Surgeon General's office without consent from the expert panel.
This Psychological Science in the Public Interest report is a modification of the subcommittee’s
November 2000 report. Changes include updating the literature review, altering wording to make
this work more suitable for this current publication, and a host of other corrections and stylistic
changes. The main structure, gist, and overall rationale remain the same.
In such a joint endeavor over a long period of time, it is impossible to accurately specify the
exact contributions made by each panel member, and consequently, authorship is alphabetical. Anderson, Berkowitz, Donnerstein, Huesmann, Johnson, Linz, Malamuth, & Wartella 6 However, we should note the roles played by the various committee participants in the preparation
of this report. Huesmann chaired the expert panel and was instrumental in organizing the meetings
and integrating the...
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