mediaviolencefactsheet - Copy - Copy (2)

Psychological bulletin 97 129 133 anderson ca 1997

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Unformatted text preview: ing needed research, in sharing with the public the relevant findings of current research, in encouraging violence-prevention researchers to interact more with media researchers, and in creating networks for sharing solutions to social and publichealth problems. Furthermore, as the media-violence landscape continues to change, parents will need better tools (e.g., more thorough and more simple computer and Internet screening tools) to aid them in the increasingly difficult task of monitoring and modifying their children's media habits. Media use is often described in nutritional terms: People talk about “media consumption” and “a steady diet of violence.” Implicitly, perhaps, they recognize that nourishing children’s minds through the media is like nourishing their bodies. In both cases, from a public-health perspective, today’s consumption patterns are far from optimal. And for many youths, they are clearly harmful. The challenge is to discover how to provide more nourishing fare. Anderson, Berkowitz, Donnerstein, Huesmann, Johnson, Linz, Malamuth, & Wartella 72 REFERENCES Abelson, R.P. (1985). A variance explanation paradox: When a little is a lot. Psychological Bulletin, 97, 129-133. Anderson, C.A. (1997). Effects of violent movies and trait irritability on hostile feelings and aggressive thoughts. Aggressive Behavior, 23, 161-178. Anderson, C.A., Benjamin, A.J., & Bartholow, B.D. (1998). Does the gun pull the trigger? Automatic priming effects of weapon pictures and weapon names. Psychological Science, 9, 308-314. Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (1997). External validity of “trivial” experiments: The case of laboratory aggression. Review of General Psychology, 1, 19-41. Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2001). Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: A metaanalytic review of the scientific literature. Psychological Science, 12, 353-359. Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002a). The effects of media violence on society. Science, 295, 2377-2378. Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002b). Human aggression. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 27-51. Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002c). Media violence and the American public revisited. American Psychologist, 57, 448-450. Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2002c). Media violence and the American public revisited. American Psychologist, 57, 448-450. Anderson, C.A., Carnagey, N.L., & Eubanks, J. (2003). Exposure to violent media: The effects of songs with violent lyrics on aggressive thoughts and feelings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 960-971. Media Violence 73 Anderson, C.A., Carnagey, N.L., Flanagan, M., Benjamin, A.J., Eubanks, J., & Valentine, J.C. (in press). Violent video games: Specific effects of violent content on aggressive thoughts and behavior. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology. New York: Academic Press. Anderson, C.A., & Dill, K.E. (2000). Video games and aggressive thoughts, feelings, and behavior in the laboratory and in life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 772-790. Anderson, C.A., & Huesmann, L.R. (2003). Human aggression: A social-cognitive view. In M.A. Hogg & J. Cooper (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (pp. 296-323). London: Sage Publications. Anderson, C.A., Lepper, M.R., & Ross, L. (1980). The perseverance of social theories: The role of explanation in the persistence of discredited information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 1037-1049. Anderson, C.A., & Sechler, E.S. (1986). Effects of explanation and counterexplanation on the development and use of social theories. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 2434. Atkin, C. (1983). Effects of realistic TV violence vs. fictional violence on aggression. Journalism Quarterly, 60, 615-621. Ballard, M.E., & Coates, S. (1995). The immediate effects of homicidal, suicidal, and nonviolent heavy metal and rap songs on the moods of college students. Youth and Society, 27, 148-168. Bandura, A. (1965). Influence of models' reinforcement contingencies on the acquisition of imitative responses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1, 589-595. Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A social learning theory analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: PrenticeHall. Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Anderson, Berkowitz, Donnerstein, Huesmann, Johnson, Linz, Malamuth, & Wartella 74 Bandura, A. (1994). Social cognitive theory of mass communication. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (pp. 61-90). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Bandura, A., & Adams, N.E. (1977). Analysis of self-efficacy theory of behavioral change. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1, 287-310. Bandura, A., Grusec, J.E., & Menlove, F.L. (1967). Vicarious ex...
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