1.Write a 100-200 words reflection on why critical thinking matters?2.Answer Exercise 2.1 For each of the argument descriptions provided below, construct a deductiveargument (on any subject of your choosing) having only two premises. 1. A valid argument with one true premise, one false premise, and a false conclusion2. A valid argument with one true premise, one false premise, and a true conclusion 3. An invalid argument with two true premises and a false conclusion 4. An invalid argument with two true premises and a true conclusion 5. A valid argument with two false premises and a true conclusion 6. An invalid argument with two false premises and a true conclusion 7. An invalid argument with one true premise, one false premise, and a trueconclusion 8. A valid argument with two true premises and a true conclusion3.Answer Exercise 3.1 and 3.2Exercise 3.1: Which of the following are arguments? If it is an argument, identify theconclusion of the argument. 1. The woman in the hat is not a witch since witches have long noses and shedoesn’t have a long nose. Argument, Conclusion - The woman in the hat is not a witch the other two are thepremises that supports the conclusion. 2. I have been wrangling cattle since before you were old enough to tie your ownshoes. 3. Albert is angry with me so he probably won’t be willing to help me wash thedishes. 4. First I washed the dishes and then I dried them. 5. If the road wasn’t icy, the car wouldn’t have slid off the turn. 6. Albert isn’t a fireman and he isn’t a fisherman either. 7. Are you seeing that rhinoceros over there? It is huge! 8. The fact that obesity has become a problem in the U.S. is shown by the fact thatobesity rates have risen significantly over the past four decades. 9. Bob showed me a graph with the rising obesity rates and I was very surprised tosee how much they’ve risen. 10. Albert isn’t a fireman because Albert is a Greyhound, which is a kind of dog, anddogs can’t be firemen. 11. Charlie and Violet are dogs and since dogs don’t sweat, it is obvious that Charlieand Violet don’t sweat.
12. The reason I forgot to lock the door is that I was distracted by the clown riding aunicycle down our street while singing Lynyrd Skynyrd’s “Simple Man.” 13. What Bob told you is not the real reason that he missed his plane to Denver. 14. Samsung stole some of Apple’s patents for their smartphones, so Apple stolesome of Samsung’s patents back in retaliation. 15. No one who has ever gotten frostbite while climbing K2 has survived to tell aboutit, therefore no one ever will.Exercise 3.2: Which of the following is an explanation and which is an argument?Identify the main conclusion of each argument or explanation. (Remember if thepremise(s) seems to be establishing that the conclusion is true, it is an argument,but if the premise(s) seems to be establishing why the conclusion is true, it is anexplanation.) 1. Wanda rode the bus today because her car was in the shop.