StudyGuide-08-S - BOT131 Spring 2008 Sec. A-B, E-G : Dr....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
BOT131 Spring 2008 Sec. A-B, E-G :: Dr. Liang :: StudyGuide 08 Page 1 of 4 KEYTERMS 01. Ribosome: a cellular organelle that is the site of protein synthesis 02. Nucleic acid: a large, complex organic molecule composed of nucleotides; the two nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic (DNA) and ribonucleic (RNA) acid 03. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid): a nucleic acid present in a cell’s chromosomes that contains genetic information 04. RNA (ribonucleic acid): a single-stranded nucleic acid molecule that is necessary for protein synthesis; there are three forms of RNA: messenger RNA, transfer RNA, and ribosomal RNA 05. Nucleotide: basic unit of DNA and RNA; a molecule composed of a phosphate, sugar, and a base; one of the subunits of nucleic acids 06. Genes: a discrete unit of hereditary information that usually specifies a polypeptide (protein) 07. Proteins: a large, complex organic compound composed of amino acid subunits 08. Polypeptide chains: a chain of many amino acids linked by peptide bonds; a protein molecule consists of one or more chains of polypeptides 09. Amino acids: basic unit of a protein; an organic compound containing an amino group (-NH 2 ) and a carboxyl group (-COOH); amino acids may be linked to form protein molecules 10. mRNA or message RNA: RNA that specifies the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide 11. Codon: a sequence of three nucleotides in mRNA that specifies an individual amino acid or a start or stop signal
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BOT 131 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

Page1 / 4

StudyGuide-08-S - BOT131 Spring 2008 Sec. A-B, E-G : Dr....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online