StudyGuide-10-S - BOT131 Spring 2008 Sec A-B D-G Dr Liang...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: BOT131 Spring 2008 Sec. A-B, D-G :: Dr. Liang :: Study Guide 10 Page 1 of 4 KEYTERMS 01. Biotechnology: application of biology to the creation of products for human use, including particularly the genetic manipulation of organisms to give them new capabilities or improved characters 02. Plasmid: a small circular DNA molecule that carries genes separates from the main DNA of a prokaryote; can reproduce themselves 03. Recombinant DNA: any DNA molecule made by combining genes from different organisms 04. Restriction Enzyme: an enzyme used in recombinant DNA technology to cleave DNA at a specific bade sequence 05. Restriction Site: the special nucleotide sequence where the DNA is broken 06. DNA ligase: an enzyme that connects the sticky ends of the DNA that are complementary 07. DNA polymerase: an enzyme complex that catalyzes DNA replication by adding nucleotides to a growing strand of DNA 08. RNA polymerase: an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of RNA molecules from DNA templates 09. Reverse Transcriptase: an enzyme produced by retroviruses that catalyzes the production of DNA using RNA as a template 10. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): a method by which a targeted DNA fragment is amplified in vitro to produce millions of copies 11. Vector: an agent, such as plasmid or virus, that transfers DNA from one organism to another 12. Transformation: change in genotype of bacteria by the direct uptake, incorporation and expression of extracellular DNA; changing by the incorporation of apiece of foreign DNA; a prokaryote that takes in a plasmid carrying recombinant DNA is said to be transformed 13. Clone: the exact genetic replica of an organism 14. Cloning: the nucleus of a somatic cell is removed; the nucleus of an egg cell is removed 15. GMO: genetically modified organism; an organism that has had its genes intentionally manipulated 16. Bioinformatics: the storage, retrieval, and comparison of biological information, particularly 16....
View Full Document

This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BOT 131 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

Page1 / 4

StudyGuide-10-S - BOT131 Spring 2008 Sec A-B D-G Dr Liang...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online