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lec_08_Learning

lec_08_Learning - PSY120-CAROL DONNELLY LECTURE 8-Learning...

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PSY120—CAROL DONNELLY LECTURE 8 —Learning LEARNING What is Learning ? Learning = Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning = Pavlov (Pavlov’s Dogs) Conditioned stimulus (CS) Unconditioned stimulus (US) Definitions Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) = stimulus that automatically produces (or elicits) a response prior to any training Unconditioned Response (UCR) = Conditioned Stimulus (CS) = neutral stimulus that is paired w/the US during conditioning Conditioned Response (CR) = Classical Conditioning (cont’d) **Before Conditioning: Food (UCS) →→ Salivation by dog (UCR) Bell (CS) →→ No salivation (no response/irrelevant response) **During Conditioning: Bell (CS) paired with Food (UCS) →→ Salivation (UCR) **After Conditioning: Bell (CS) →→ Salivation (CR)
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Higher-Order Conditioning Higher Order Conditioning = Example: bell paired w/light several times then….light begins to elicit salivation Inhibition Inhibition = Example: Bell (CS) paired w/light several times →→ no food given to dog Generalization
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