week 09 (the middle & working classes)

week 09 (the middle & working classes) - Click to edit...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style SOCIOLOGY 3683: WEALTH, POWER, & PRESTIGE The middle & working classes The Middle Class: Description The diversity of the middle class occupational prestige, income, and education/skill levels all range widely occupations range from doctor, lawyer, architect, engineer to teacher, office worker, sales person need to distinguish between upper middle class and lower middle class The Middle Class: Description Common characteristics of middle class Non-manual labor: white collar work Working with ideas Educational minimum is above national average Middle class jobs found at middle levels of occupational hierarchy (in terms of income, status, and authority) The Working Class: Description Common characteristics of working class Manual labor: blue collar work Working with machines Typical employment: factory worker, truck driver, plumber, welder Working class jobs found at lower levels of occupational hierarchy (in terms of income, status, and authority) The Working Class: Description Diversity within the working class skilled working class versus unskilled working class skilled jobs require more training and provide better rewards (material and psychological) unskilled working class jobs located at the bottom of the occupational structure Middle Class versus Working Class Working class jobs: are more physically demanding and dangerous provide less income and job security require less skill and formal schooling However, there is considerable overlap with the middle class office worker versus electrician Middle Class Trends: Old to New The Old Middle Class The petty bourgeoisie: self-employed owners Family farms and small businesses mom and pop shops The old middle class enjoyed freedom from bosses owned the means of their production Marked an era of rugged individualism and free competition Middle Class Trends: Old to New Decline of the Old Middle Class The emergence of giant chain stores and agricultural corporations Wealth, ownership, and production is now concentrated into fewer hands Production is now large-scale and technically complex Middle Class Trends: Old to New Rise of the New Middle Class From entrepreneurs to managers Managers, supervisors, and clerical staff now needed to organize mass production process Return of the Old Middle Class?...
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