week 10 (poverty & welfare)

week 10 (poverty & welfare) - SOCIOLOGY 3683: WEALTH,...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style SOCIOLOGY 3683: WEALTH, POWER, & PRESTIGE poverty & welfare
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Absolute vs. Relative Poverty Absolute poverty lack of basic necessities Relative poverty inequality the psychological toll of relative poverty relative poverty is stronger predictor of crime in the U.S. than absolute poverty
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Definitions of poverty census income: all private-sector income (e.g., employment, investment) and public-sector transfers (e.g., social security, welfare) pre-transfer income: private-sector income only Census income: a single adult was considered poor if living on less than $9,573/year in 2003 presence of additional household members (e.g., spouse) or dependents (e.g., children, elderly) raises threshold
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Poverty Trends, 1970-1997 Year Census Income (%) Pre-transfer Income (%) 1970 12.6 18.8 1975 12.3 22.0 1980 13.0 21.9 1983 15.2 24.2 1990 13.5 20.5 1992 14.5 22.6 1997 13.3 20.3
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Poverty Trends, 1970-1997 Year Census Income (%) Pre-transfer Income (%) 1970 12.6 18.8 1975 12.3 22.0 1980 13.0 21.9 1983 15.2 24.2 1990 13.5 20.5 1992 14.5 22.6 1997 13.3 20.3
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Poverty Trends, 1970-1997 Year Census Income (%) Pre-transfer Income (%) 1970 12.6 18.8 1975 12.3 22.0 1980 13.0 21.9 1983 15.2 24.2 1990 13.5 20.5 1992 14.5 22.6 1997 13.3 20.3
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Income Group Poverty Level (%), 2003 Total U.S. Population 12.5 White 8.2 Black 24.4 Hispanic 22.5 Age: 65 + 10.2 Age: Under 18 17.6 Female-headed Households w/ Children 30.0 White 21.1 Black 39.0 Hispanic 38.4
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Income Group Poverty Level (%), 2003 Total U.S. Population 12.5 White 8.2 Black 24.4 Hispanic 22.5 Age: 65 + 10.2 Age: Under 18 17.6 Female-headed Households w/ Children 30.0 White 21.1 Black 39.0 Hispanic 38.4
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Income Group Poverty Level (%), 2003 Total U.S. Population 12.5 White 8.2 Black 24.4 Hispanic 22.5 Age: 65 + 10.2 Age: Under 18 17.6 Female-headed Households w/ Children 30.0 White 21.1 Black 39.0 Hispanic 38.4
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Income Group Poverty Level (%), 2003 Total U.S. Population 12.5 White 8.2 Black 24.4 Hispanic 22.5 Age: 65 + 10.2 Age: Under 18 17.6 Female-headed Households w/ Children 30.0 White 21.1 Black 39.0 Hispanic 38.4
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Income Group Poverty Level (%), 2003 Total U.S. Population 12.5 White 8.2 Black 24.4 Hispanic 22.5 Age: 65 + 10.2 Age: Under 18 17.6 Female-headed Households w/ Children 30.0 White 21.1 Black 39.0 Hispanic 38.4
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Estimating Poverty in the U.S. Income Group Poverty Level (%), 2003 Total U.S. Population 12.5 White 8.2 Black 24.4 Hispanic 22.5 Age: 65 + 10.2 Age: Under 18 17.6 Female-headed Households w/ Children 30.0 White 21.1 Black 39.0 Hispanic 38.4
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Poverty in Comparative Perspective Relative poverty: the percent of people living below 50% of the median income Child poverty: the percent of children living in relative poverty
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Poverty in Comparative Perspective (1990s) Country Relative Poverty (%) Child Poverty (%) United States 19.1 24.9 United Kingdom 14.6 18.5 Australia 12.9 15.4 Japan 11.8 15.3 Canada 11.7 15.3 Germany 7.6 8.6 France 7.5 7.4 Netherlands 6.7 8.3 Norway 6.6 4.9 Italy 6.5 10.5 Finland 6.2 2.7
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Poverty in Comparative Perspective (1990s) Country Relative Poverty (%) Child Poverty (%) United States 19.1 24.9 United Kingdom 14.6 18.5 Australia 12.9 15.4 Japan 11.8 15.3 Canada 11.7 15.3 Germany 7.6 8.6 France 7.5 7.4 Netherlands 6.7 8.3 Norway 6.6 4.9 Italy 6.5 10.5 Finland 6.2 2.7
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 3683 taught by Professor Clark during the Spring '08 term at The University of Oklahoma.

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week 10 (poverty & welfare) - SOCIOLOGY 3683: WEALTH,...

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