week 11, 12 (sex & gender)

week 11, 12 (sex & gender) - Click to edit Master...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style SOCIOLOGY 3683: WEALTH, POWER, & PRESTIGE Sex & Gender Ascriptive Processes Ascription life chances determined by qualities beyond the control of the individual (sex, race) Sex refers to biological characteristics that naturally distinguish males from females Gender refers to behavioral characteristics that are culturally attributed to males and females Doing Gender Gender assignment at birth is it a boy or a girl? Gender socialization in childhood pinks & blues trucks & dolls Gender identity in adulthood males and females expected to occupy different positions in society males as breadwinners, females as homemakers The Social Construction of Gender Masculine traits: aggressive, competitive Feminine traits: passive, cooperative Meads research in the South Pacific the Arapesh: both sexes feminine the Mundugumor: both sexes masculine the Tchambuli: feminine males, masculine females Hewletts research in Central Africa the Aka: males are nurturing and affectionate The Social Construction of Gender Rosie the Riveter The Social Construction of Gender 1930s: 20% of U.S. approved of married women working outside the home 1980s: 80% of U.S. approved of married women working outside the home 1963: Equal Pay Act made it illegal to pay men and women differently for doing comparable work (based on skill demands and working conditions) Sex Inequalities Rising participation in the paid work force 1948: 33% of females (17+) employed 2002: 60% of females (17+) employed Rising participation for married mothers 1970: 40% employed 2002: 70% employed Rising participation for single mothers 1980: 52% employed 2002: 75% employed Sex Inequalities Sex inequality in unpaid work decline and persistence Female-to-Male Unpaid Work Ratios 1965 1998 All Women and Men (18-64) Housework 6.4 1.4 Child Care 4.3 2.2 Mothers and Fathers (18-64) Housework 7.2 1.6 Child Care 4.1 1.8 Sex Inequalities Sex inequality in unpaid work decline and persistence Female-to-Male Unpaid Work Ratios 1965 1998 All Women and Men (18-64) Housework 6.4 1.4 Child Care 4.3 2.2 Mothers and Fathers (18-64) Housework 7.2 1.6 Child Care 4.1 1.8 Sex Inequalities Sex inequality in unpaid work decline and persistence Female-to-Male Unpaid Work Ratios 1965 1998 All Women and Men (18-64) Housework 6.4 1.4 Child Care 4.3 2.2 Mothers and Fathers (18-64) Housework 7.2 1.6 Child Care 4.1 1.8 Sex Inequalities Sex inequality in unpaid work decline and persistence Female-to-Male Unpaid Work Ratios 1965 1998 All Women and Men (18-64) Housework 6.4 1.4 Child Care 4.3 2.2 Mothers and Fathers (18-64) Housework 7.2 1.6 Child Care 4.1 1.8 Sex Inequalities Sex inequality in unpaid work decline and persistence Female-to-Male Unpaid Work Ratios 1965 1998 All Women and Men (18-64) Housework 6.4 1.4 Child Care 4.3 2.2 Mothers and Fathers (18-64) Housework 7.2 1.6 Child Care 4.1 1.8 Sex Inequalities...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 3683 taught by Professor Clark during the Spring '08 term at The University of Oklahoma.

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week 11, 12 (sex & gender) - Click to edit Master...

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