10.RomanTown&House-rev - 1 The Roman Town and House...

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The Roman Town and House 1
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Roman colonial cities were planned, have a clear architectural order The city of Rome grew from an archaic city so little imposed urban order 2
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Castrum = camp Cardo and decumanus = principal cross streets cardo - north-south decumanus - east-west 3
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The agrimensor (agri=land; mensor=measure) laying out the sacred cross-streets and enclosure of the city 4
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grid plan of the Roman camp Florentia still visible in the map of 16th c. Florence 5
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Plan of Roman Timgad in North Africa 6
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The grid system is still visible in the ruins of Timgad 7
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grid system colonnade lines the main streets 8
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Bay of Naples eruption of Mount Vesuvius, 79 CE 9
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Pompeii 10
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excavation of Pompeii began in the 18th century 11
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Plan of Pompeii: gridded street organization dotted areas are unexcavated 12
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Forum at the intersection of crossing arterial streets Basilica T. of Jupiter T.of Apollo Capitolium 13
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Streets lined with sidewalks, multi-story buildings with shops at street level and dwelling units above
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