Lecture 03

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Unformatted text preview: s prevalent during the 1800s. Wholesome in gredients were mixed or replaced with impure, extraneous, or inferior materials. Goal could be to reduce costs an d increase profit, to mask decay, etc. Harvey W. Wiley was the chief chemist in what is now the Depart ment of Agric culture. Starting in the 1880s, he studied foods and medicines, and uncovered many cases of food a dulteration. He became the leader of the ‘pure food crusade’. In 1906, the book The Jungle by Upton Sinclair was published. Sin clair described the bad working and living conditions of workers in the meat processing plants in Chicago (th e center of meat processing then). Meat companies were described as unsanitary and infested with rats. Th e Jungle became a bestseller. It contributed to Th the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act, which later led to the establishm ent of the FDA. Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for ensuring that foods are safe, wholesome and sanitary. It has jurisdiction over ALL food, except for meat, poultry, and egg products. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has juris diction over m s meat, poultry and egg products. In 2001, Eric Schlosser published Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All‐Am erican Meal, where the various ramifications of the Fast Food industry are examined, such as mea t production, urbanism, and labor relations. Rachel Carson’s 1962 book S...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2013 for the course FST 10 taught by Professor Jack during the Summer '08 term at UC Davis.

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