Lecture 03

Lecture 03 - E.Garcia2012 Lecture3Maintopics...

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In the early 1800s , pork, corn, potatoes, bread and butter were mainstay items of American diet. It was also common to eat porridges made from a variety of grains. Regional variations existed. Alcohol was readily available and inexpensive. Liquor (most often whiskey and hard cider) was a regular part of everyday meals. (McGee p.760 “Whiskey in America”) Temperance Movement : an organized effort to ban the consumption of alcohol in the U.S. The anti alcohol crusaders were convinced that many social problems were related to alcohol abuse. Most members of the temperance organizations were women. They believed that alcohol abuse was a major detriment to the family. Carrie Nation became the personification of radical temperance; she was the most infamous anti saloon crusader. In 1920 came a National Prohibition law. Alcohol became legal again in 1933. PROHIBITION is the dry 13 year period 1920 1933. 19th century Dietary/Health Reform The Health Reform Movement began in opposition to the diet prevalent at that time: high consumption of meat (often salt pork), refined carbohydrates, alcohol consumption, and to establish more balanced, moderate habits (see McGee p.463 ). It mainly promoted a vegetarian diet, use of whole grains. Sylvester Graham was a Presbyterian minister and dietary reformer. He became a crusader for proper eating and temperance. He believed that diet was the determining factor in health. Graham promoted a vegetarian diet based on whole grains, unseasoned foods, and daily exercise. He believed that highly seasoned foods and meat were stimulating, sinful food.
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Lecture 03 - E.Garcia2012 Lecture3Maintopics...

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