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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: A survey of hygiene and sanitary practices of street food vendors in the Central State of Northern Nigeria Article in Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology · May 2014 DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2013.0607 CITATIONS 24 READS 3,235 3 authors , including: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: Treatment of wastewater via adsorbents synthesized from biowaste View project Removal of Cu (II) by amidoxime-modified polyacrylonitrile-grafted-cassava starch View project Opotu Lawal Kaduna Polytechnic 26 PUBLICATIONS 169 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Opotu Lawal on 14 May 2017. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
Vol. 6(5), pp. 174-181, May 2014 DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2013.0607 Article No.:169D87244690 ISSN 2006-9723 Copyright © 2014 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology Full Length Research Paper A survey of hygiene and sanitary practices of street food vendors in the Central State of Northern Nigeria Nurudeen, A. A. 1 *, Lawal, A. O. 2 and Ajayi, S. A. 3 1 Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 2 Department of Applied Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 3 Department of Food Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Received 9 December, 2013; Accepted 7 April, 2014 This study examined the general hygiene and sanitary practices of street food venders in Nigeria. 110 random samples of street food venders were selected to represent 18% of street food venders in the study area. Data was collected using pre-test structured questionnaire and observation checklists. The relationships in the factors studied were determined. Food venders lacked basic training on hygiene and only 2.7% had formal training on food preparation. 63.6% acquired skills from parents while 33.7% acquired skills by self practice. 44.5% of vendors used their mouths to blow air into polythene bags to open, before using it to package foods for customers. 60.0% of the vendors prepared foods in unkempt environment with flies around the foods. The study indicated absence of evidence of relationship between venders’ education and vending location as well as between gender and personal hygiene. This study largely suggested non-compliance with the Codex Alimentarius Commission guidelines for street food control in Africa. The non regulation of street food vending business in Africa especially Nigeria portends danger of outbreak of food poisoning. Key words: Street foods, hygiene, sanitation, vendors, food safety, Kaduna-North Central Nigeria. INTRODUCTION Street foods are ready-to-eat foods prepared and/or sold by vendors and hawkers, especially in streets and other similar public places (Codex, 1999). The other public places include schools, markets and motor parks (Muleta and Ashenafi, 2001). A street food vendor is broadly defined as a person who offers foods for sale to the

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