Notes.docx - 1 u2014 The High Renaissance Leonardo da...

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1 — The High Renaissance: Leonardo da Vinci Identify elements of High Renaissance art and architecture in the works of Leonardo da Vinci. In what way is Leonardo's Last Supper an example of artistic restoration? a.) The original painting was lost and the artwork today is a later reproduction. b.) The painting was repainted and repaired extensively. c.) Only small repairs were done to prevent any further damage. d.) The original painting was removed in order to protect it. restoration of the project was undertaken to save the masterpiece, and was completed in watercolor to distinguish it from the original. Interestingly, the restoration , rather than conservation , was so extensive it’s estimated that only about 20% of what is seen today is actually the original painting 2 — Michelangelo and Raphael Identify techniques used and characteristics present in the works of Michelangelo and Raphael. What tools and techniques were used in the painting of the Sistine Chapel?
a.) Michelangelo drew his sketches directly onto the plaster surface. b.) Michelangelo used a process of fresco secco--painting onto dry plaster. c.) Michelangelo used grids and cartoons to transfer drawings to the prepared wall surface. d.) Michelangelo designed each individual section as he went. The process of a preparatory drawing that was then transferred to the wall or ceiling in order to paint was rather ingenious. First, the outlines of the image, or cartoon , were perforated by tiny holes. The image was then held against the surface, and powdered charcoal was tapped through the holes to transfer the image. The result was a dotted outline, which served as a guide for the artist as they painted. 3 — Sixteenth-Century Architecture Identify significant sixteenth-century architectural examples. What did Michelangelo retain from Bramante's original design for the new Saint Peter's Basilica? a.) Michelangelo used a dome on squinches. b.)
Michelangelo used a dome on pendentives. c.) Michelangelo used a central plan. d.) Michelangelo used a Latin cross plan. Michelangelo was so impressed with Bramante’s work that he decided to expand upon Bramante’s original designs for St. Peter’s. Michelangelo maintained the central plan style with some adjustments. Most notably, he changed the overall design of the dome from hemispherical to ogival, like the magnificent dome of the Florence Cathedral. 4 — Venetian Painting Recognize visual aspects of Venetian paintings during the Renaissance. Which of the following statements about Venetian Renaissance painting is true? a.) This style of painting included extreme drama and expression of emotion. b.) This style of painting emphasized a use of color. c.) This style of painting lacked a scientific perspective.

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