THE AFFECTS OF GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 1 The Affects of Gang Violence in America Pamela L. Williams Strayer University-Greenville, SC Author Note A brief author note (which should not be included in papers submitted in Paul Rose’s classes) goes here. It may include acknowledgment of funding sources, expressions of gratitude to research assistants and contact information for the author who will handle requests. I have a few notes of my own to share here. First, I am very grateful to everyone who has emailed me with suggested improvements; I’m sorry I can’t acknowledge you all here. Second, you are hereby granted permission to use this document for learning and research purposes. You may not sell this document either by itself or in combination with other products or services.
THE AFFECTS OF GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 2
2 Abstract Gang violence presents a major challenge to police departments in the United States. Problem- oriented policing has been suggested as a promising way to understand and prevent complex gang violence problems. Unfortunately, problem analysis, as currently practiced, is generally weak and the resulting responses usually consist of mostly traditional enforcement tactics. Academic-police partnerships can be very productive in understanding and responding to serious crime problems. Unfortunately, such collaborations are rare. The U.S. Department of Justice- sponsored Project Safe Neighborhoods initiative provides an important opportunity to facilitate academic police partnerships. In Lowell, Massachusetts, academics and practitioners collaborated on a problem analysis that shed important light on the nature of gang violence and led to the implementation of problem-oriented responses that have been promising in preventing gang violence.
3 The Affects of Gang Violence in America Chapter One Introduction This report presents new information on the long-term trend in street gang activity and violent crime in the United States. The major focus of the trend analyses reported here is on the ebb and flow of gang activity in United States cities and counties of varying sizes. For the first time, trajectory analysis, in which can group cities according to common patterns, is used to examine cities’ and other localities’ histories of gang problems as a way of gaining insights into gang activity across multiple years. Statement of the Problem. The main purpose of this research is to find out the risk factors associated with gang violence in the community, schools, and family. The problem of Gang Violence has increased in America and I feel it should be addressed accordingly. Today Gang violence not only kills millions of people a year, but serves as a threat to organized society as we know it. Gangs have an infection that plague the streets of nearly every urban area in America, and is now spreading to rural areas as well. We cannot allow our cities and suburbs to fall victim to gangs and violence. There must have tougher legislation against gang activity, as well as harsher punishments for gang related crimes. (Walker, 2010)
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