Intelligence theories and issues

Intelligence theories and issues - Chapter 7 Intelligence...

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Chapter 7: Intelligence: Theories & Issues Introduction to Intelligence Several areas of study o Theories of intelligence o Group differences, heredity and environment o Measurement of Intelligence Variety of names for intelligence tests: o E.g., aptitude, mental ability, cognitive ability There is quite good agreement on the meaning of intelligence o E.g., think abstractly, solve problems, learn quickly Theories Reference to theories of intelligence are common in test materials o You need to be familiar with the theories before you can understand the tests Outline of theories o Two classical theories (Spearman, Thurstone) o Several hierarchical theories (e.g., Cattell & Horn, Vernon, Carroll) o Developmental theories (e.g., Piaget) o Information-processing and biological theories (e.g., Gardner) Spearman’s Two-Factor Theory Charles Spearman developed the first formal theory of intelligence, which he based on an examination of the correlations between many tests of simply sensory functions o
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  • Spring '13
  • JulieAlvarez
  • General intelligence factor, General Mental Ability, Charles Spearman, primary mental abilities, major group factors, minor group factors

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