Congress of Vienna.docx - Congress of Vienna Series of...

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Congress of Vienna Series of meetings in Vienna that were intended to set up policies to achieve a goal (collective security and stability for the entire continent) -Originally scheduled to last for four weeks but went on for eight months Prince Klemens von Metternich -Foreign minister of Austria; most influential among the representatives from the five "great powers" (Russia, Prussia, Austria, Great Britain and France) -Distrusted the democratic ideals of the French Revolution Metternich's Three Goals 1.) Prevent future French aggression by surrounding France with strong countries 2.) Restore a balance of power, so that no country would be a threat to others 3.) Restore Europe's royal families to the thrones they had held before Napoleon's conquests The Containment of France In order to make the weak countries around France Stronger: -former Austrian Netherlands and Dutch Republic were united to form the Kingdom of the Netherlands -a group of 39 German states were loosely joined as the newly created German Confederation, dominated by Austria -Switzerland was recognized as an independent nation -The Kingdom of Sardinia in Italy was strengthened by the addition of Genoa Balance of Power -They didn't want to leave France powerless, the congress' aim was to weaken France because they know that if they severely punish the country, the French might take revenge -If they broke up France, another country might become so strong that it would threaten them all >> France remained a major but diminished European power << >> No country in Europe could easily overpower another << legitimacy -a principle agreed by the great powers that as many as possible of the rulers whom Napoleon had driven from their thrones be restored to power -Ruling families of France, Spain and several states of Italy and Central Europe regained their thrones >> Congress of Vienna believed that the return of the former monarchs would stabilize political relations among the nations << Congress of Vienna's Political Triumph -For the first tie, the nations of an entire continent had cooperated to control political affairs

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